Institute of Physics of Materials AS CR, v. v. i. > Projects > Projects

Projects

Administration of projects from proposals to final stages provides the project team.

Running projects


Tailoring ODS materials processing routes for additive manufacturing of high temperature devices for aggressive environments (topAM)

Europe’s industry is facing many challenges such as global competition and the big change towards energy and resource efficiency. topAM can contribute to these demands by development and application of novel processing routes for new oxide-dispersoid strengthened (ODS) alloys on FeCrAl, Ni and NiCu basis. Novel ODS materials offer a clear advantage for the process industry by manufacturing e.g. topology-optimized, sensor-integrated high temperature devices (gas burner heads, heat exchangers) that are exposed to aggressive environments. Alloy and process development will be targeted by an advanced integrated computational materials engineering (ICME) approach combining computational thermodynamics, microstructure and process simulation to contribute to save time, raw materials and increase the component’s lifetime. Physical alloy production will be realized by combining nanotechnologies to aggregate ODS composites with laser-powder bed fusion and post-processing. The ICME approach will be complemented by comprehensive materials characterization and intensive testing of components under industrially relevant in-service conditions. This strategy allows to gain a deeper understanding of the processmicrostructure- properties relationships and to quantify the improved functionalities, properties and life cycle assessment. This will promote cost reduction, improved energy efficiency and superior properties combined with a significant lifetime increase. The consortium consists of users, materials suppliers and research institutes that are world leading in the fields relevant for this proposal, which guarantees efficient, high-level, application-oriented execution of topAM. The industrial project partners, in particular the SMEs, will achieve higher competitiveness due to their strategic position in the value chain of materials processing, e.g. powder production, to strengthen Europe's leading position in the emerging technology field of AM in a unique combination with ICME.

Vlastnosti nanoprášků připravených pulzním elektronovým svazkem při nízkém tlaku plynu

The proposed project is focused on basic research with an impact on urgent biomedical applications. The development of new pharmaceutical products based on nanoparticles is a hot topic of current nanomaterial research. This effort is based on recent findings of serious toxicity of some agents currently used, and directed towards finding safer and more effective medical treatment using metal oxide nanoparticles, namely CeO2 for radiation oncology, Gd2O3 and MnO as contrast agents, ZnO and TiO2 as antitumor agents, Al2O3 and AgO as antibacterial agents, and Fe3O4/γFe2O3 for the hyperthermia treatment of cancer. The nanometric size and shape of nanoparticles are primarily responsible for their unique features; however, a surface quality (vacancies, defects) is equally important for the required properties. We suggest performing a fundamental experimental and theoretical study of the selected metal oxide nanopowders prepared using a unique physical method allowing for optimized nanopowder synthesis and modification of the surface for higher reactivity and increased biological activity.

Structural Integrity and Reliability of Advanced Materials obtained through additive Manufacturing

In spite of the growing importance of Additive Manufacturing (AM) technology for producing both plastics and metals parts used in different fields such as aeronautics, biomechanics and automotive, the criteria and methods for the safety evaluation of AM components are still not well established. Therefore, the lack of knowledge on the influence of the material quality on the load bearing capacity of the final product hinders the industrial exploitation of AM, preventing this powerful technology from being confidently used in every-day manufacturing processes, in particular in low developed European countries. The overall objective of the SIRAMM project is to significantly strengthen research in the AM field at the Polytechnical University of Timisoara (UPT, Romania). To achieve this aim, SIRAMM will build upon the existing science and innovation base of UPT, creating a network with two internationally-leading counterparts at EU level: Norwegian University of Science and Technology (Norway) and the University of Parma (Italy). In the long term, the project aims at laying the foundations for creating a pole of excellence on AM in Eastern Europe. For this reason, other two partners from low R&I performing countries, the University of Belgrade (Serbia) and the Institute of Physics of Materials, Academy of Sciences (Czech Republic) will also take part in this Twinning project. To reach its goals, this 3-year project will be focused on the implementation of knowledge transfer activities such as workshops and staff exchange, training events (i.e. summer schools, seminars) for early stage researchers, and dissemination and communication actions (i.e. web site, videos, open access publications, public engagement activities) for different audiences. To keep maintaining the knowledge transfer well beyond the duration of this project, a regular master course on AM technology will be also implemented in the coordinating institution.

Innovative approach to improve fatigue performance of automotive components aiming at CO2 emissions reduction (INNOFAT)

Cars are responsible of 25% of CO2 emissions in the EU. To reduce these emissions, EU established a mandatory target, to be reached in 2020, of 95 g CO2/km (30% lower than the average CO2 emissions in 2012). Vehicle lightweight is the main alternative to reduce CO2 emissions. Crankshaft is the heaviest special steel component in a vehicle. So, its weight reduction potential is high. The crankshaft downsizing must be performed taking into account that engine torque cannot be reduced. So, if crankshaft is downsized, the steel fatigue limit must be increased to guarantee the required crankshaft in-service performance. This INNOFAT project is focused on crankshafts manufactured with microalloyed steels, but the obtained results may be extrapolated to other automotive components (camshafts, gears, common-rails...). Two different approaches are considered to improve the component fatigue performance: 1) steels with improved isotropy and 2) steels with higher strength. In the first case, different isotropy levels will be evaluated to determine which of them leads to the best fatigue performance. The second approach is based on a new high strength microalloyed steel (UTS>1.050 MPa) up to now only manufactured at laboratory scale. Along the INNOFAT project, the crankshafts manufacturing process (from hot forging to different machining operations) will be studied at laboratory scale. Finally, the most suitable steel from each approach will be chosen to manufacture and test real crankshafts in order to estimate the weight reduction that could be achieved. At the end of the project, some guidelines will be elaborated in order to facilitate the industrial implementation of the developed steels.

Finished projects

Show

Running projects


Energy-saving ÚFM AV ČR, v.v.i., especially workshop buildings and electron microscopy

At the Institute of Physics of Materials AV ČR, v. v. i., the realization of the project "Energy-saving IPM CAS, especially workshop buildings and electron microscopy " was began. As part of the implementation of the project, energy-saving measures will take place, in particular the insulation of the workshop building's perimeter shell and electron microscopy, replacement of hole fillers, installation of new air ducts and upgrading of lighting. The project also includes the construction of the solar power plant on the main building.

International mobility of employees of IPM

Project is focused on strengthening and development of international cooperation mainly by junior scientists at the Institute of Physics of Materials of the Czech Academy of Sciences. The implementation of the project will contribute to the strengthening of cooperation with the significant research organizations, their scientists and management. Due to project implementation is expected higher publishing activities and the involvement of the institution into the preparation and solution of international projects.


Research and development of casting technology of thermally affected parts of aircraft engines and highly precise casts of new generation of turbochargers

The project introducing advanced technology of precision casting of thermally affected parts of aircraft engines and castings of axial wheels of turbochargers. The reliability and long service lifetime of the casting is determined by the tolerance of the material to surface defects that may occur during operation. In the project, we will look in more depth at the relationship between material structure, surface defects and fatigue and creep damage evolution.


Architectured materials designed for additive manufacturing (ArMAdit)

This project is based on computational design and gradual optimization of parameters of architecture of two or more metallic materials which considers their extreme loading including real operating conditions. Preparation of those architectured materials requires use of Cold Spray technology and multi-material selective laser 3D printing (SLM, Selective Laser Melting), or a combination of both.


Finished projects

Show

Running projects



Number of ProjectNameInvestigator
21-24805S Tailoring of interfaces in lead-free ferroelectric-dielecric composites to enhance their electromechanical propertiesIng. Zdeněk Chlup, Ph.D.
21-08772S Vliv samovyhojovacích účinků na prodloužení životnosti konstrukcí vyrobených z vysokohodnotného betonudoc. Ing. Stanislav Seitl, Ph.D.
21-02203X Beyond properties of current top performance alloysRNDr. Jiří Svoboda, CSc., DSc.
20-16130S Multifunctional properties of powdered Ni-Mn-Sn intermetallicsMgr. Martin Friák, Ph.D.
20-00761S Influence of material properties of stainless steels on reliability of bridge structuresdoc. Ing. Stanislav Seitl, Ph.D.
20-11321S Influence of microstructure and surface treatments on hydrogen intake in bio-compatible alloysprof. RNDr. Antonín Dlouhý, CSc.
20-20873S Development of High Temperature Liquid Metal Resistant ODS Steels for Fission/Fusion ApplicationIng. Hynek Hadraba, Ph.D.
20-14450J The damage evolution in ultrafine-grained metals and alloys under fatigue and creep loadingIng. Jiří Dvořák, Ph.D.
20-14237S Microstructure and functional properties refinement by dopant distribution in transparent ceramics - combined experimental and theoretical approachRNDr. Jiří Svoboda, CSc., DSc.
19-00408S Material integrity and structure at the early stages during pulsating liquid jet interactionprof. Mgr. Tomáš Kruml, CSc.
19-23411S Interplay of plasticity and magnetism in alpha-iron and chromiumdoc. Ing. Roman Gröger, Ph.D.
19-18725S Influence of microstructure on creep mechanisms in advanced heat resistant steelsIng. Petr Král, Ph.D.
19-25591Y Effect of the microstructure on the fatigue in highly anisotropic stainless steel fabricated by selective laser meltingIng. Miroslav Šmíd, Ph.D.

Finished projects

Show

Running projects



Number of ProjectNameInvestigator
TITSSUJB938 Metoda hodnocení integrity tlakové nádoby reaktoru JE VVER-1000 při těžké havárii spojené s tavením jaderného paliva.Ing. Petr Dymáček, Ph.D.
FW03010149 New wheel design for freight transport with higher utility propertiesdoc. Ing. Pavel Hutař, Ph.D.
FW03010190 Advanced precision casting technologies for new types of blade castings and blade segments of gas turbines and turbochargers from modern superalloys with increased service lifedoc. Ing. Pavel Hutař, Ph.D.
FW03010504 Development of in-situ techniques for characterization of materials and nanostructuresdoc. Ing. Luboš Náhlík, Ph.D.
CK02000025 Advanced welded structurus for enhanced operational safety in aviationprof. Mgr. Tomáš Kruml, CSc.
TK03020089 Acoustic Emission Diagnostics of Pipeline Systems Damage designed for Residual Life EstimationIng. Jiří Dvořák, Ph.D.
FW01010183 Next Generation of Integrated Atomic Force and Scanning Electron Microscopy (GEFSEM)doc. Ing. Luboš Náhlík, Ph.D.
TN01000071 National Competence Centre of Mechatronics and Smart Technologies for Mechanical Engineeringdoc. Ing. Pavel Hutař, Ph.D.
TN01000015 National Centre of Competence ENGINEERINGdoc. Ing. Luboš Náhlík, Ph.D.

Finished projects

Show

Running projects



Number of ProjectNameInvestigator
CZ.01.1.02/0.0/0.0/20_358/0023778 Correlative measurements of the magnetic properties of surfacedoc. Ing. Roman Gröger, Ph.D.
8J21AT002 Impact of hydrogen on structural and functional properties of NiTi shape memory alloysprof. RNDr. Antonín Dlouhý, CSc.
NU20-08-00149 Multicentric evaluation of hypersensitivity reactions in patients indicated for total joint replacement including evaluation of the reasons for reimplantingprof. RNDr. Antonín Dlouhý, CSc.
8J20AT013 Integrity and durability aspects of recycled aggregates composites (InDuRAC)doc. Ing. Jan Klusák, Ph.D.
FV40327 Automatic optical system for fatigue crack propagation measurementdoc. Ing. Pavel Hutař, Ph.D.
LTI19 The involvement of Czech research organizations in the Energy Research Alliance EERAdoc. Ing. Luboš Náhlík, Ph.D.
8J19AT011 High entropy Half-Heusler thermoelectric materials with high efficiencyRNDr. Jiří Buršík, CSc., DSc.
FV40034 Development of new design of railway axles with high operational reliabilitydoc. Ing. Luboš Náhlík, Ph.D.
8J18AT009 Failure initiation and fracture of quasi-brittle building materials (FInFraM)Ing. Lucie Malíková, Ph.D.
8J18AT008 Theory-guided design of novel superlattice nanocompositesMgr. Martin Friák, Ph.D.
COMET K2 A1.23 Fundamentals and tools for integrated computational modeling and experimental characterization of materials in the atomic to micrometer scale range (A1.23)RNDr. Jiří Svoboda, CSc., DSc.
PCCL-K1 K1-Center in Polymer Engineering and Sciencedoc. Ing. Pavel Hutař, Ph.D.

Finished projects

Show